FOREX

Understanding the gaps in forex trading – ForexLive


What are gaps in the forex market and how to trade them


A ‘gap’ in the
market happens when the opening price is higher than the last session’s high
price, known as gapping up, or lower than the last session’s low price, called
gapping down.

These gaps can be
essential in trading as there are traders believing that gaps are typically
filled quite fast.

And this provides
a chance for forex
traders
to make a possible profit because the
possible short-term direction of the price can be successfully predicted.

The gap serves as
the one being filled when the current market price returns to enter the
previous session’s price range.

For instance, on
Monday, if stock A trades between a low of $10 and a high of $11, it would open
on Tuesday at $12; the gap will be filled when the prices hit $11 again.

It is not hard to
determine a price gap visually form a price chart in the trading platform.

In the
Forex Market

The forex market
is open from Monday morning to Friday night. And the only exception for this is
some major public holidays. Thus, opportunities for gaps happen during the
weekends.

But for stock
markets that close overnight, a price gap can occur on any day. Several traders
seek gaps in forex markets daily by deeming trading only open in business hours
of the countries linked to the currency.

Above all,
remember that in forex, price gaps will build up when the market opens in Asia
on Monday or after very major holidays when forex brokers stop their price
feeds – like Christmas Day and New Year’s Day.

How Often
Gap Happens

After establishing
that price gaps only occur in forex after a weekend, those reading this are
probably wondering how often they happen.

To explain it,
let’s look at the historical price data of the two major forex currency pairs –
EUR/USD and USD/JPY -, which together account for over half of the total forex
trading by volume. Also, they are the cheapest currency pairs to trade.

Within January
2001 to May 2020, the EUR/USD currency pair made 204 price gaps, while the
USD/JPY currency pair made 215.

As nearly all
forex price gaps happen during weekends, and as there were 1,008 weeks covered
by the time period mention, the price gap formed after the weekend, about 20%
of the time in forex.

With that, it
indicates that traders will likely see a price gap in a currency pair on
average of about once every five weeks.

After knowing
that, it is worth seeing how gaps are before building a gap trading system that
can show how to trade a price gap.

The distance in
pips from this week’s starting price to the high of the last week’s range, in
case of a gap up, or from the low of the last week’s range to this week’s
opening price, in case of a gap down, measures the size of a forex weekend
price gap.

Trading
the Gap

Determining
weekend price gaps in forex currency pairs and entering trades that aim for the
gap to be filled before Tuesday’s closing has been a very simple and profitable
trading strategy. The said strategy could trade with only using the weekly
timeframe.

Typically, price
gaps in the EUR/USD and USD/CHF currency pairs are filled fast. Then, price
gaps in other currency pairs become filled quickly if the gap is under 75 pips
in size.

The possibility of
a weekend price gap filling quickly is stronger when the predicted fill is in
the direction of the long-term trend.

If traders entered
a trade as soon as the new week opens with the formation of a gap, they could
exploit the chances of weekend price gaps to fill in forex.

Traders need to
set the take profit for the previous week’s range, while the stop loss must
never be larger compared to the amount of pips aimed by the take profit level.

Another method to
use within a forex gap trading strategy is to observe the price action on
shorter time frames.

After that, enter a trade
in the direction of the fill through a tighter stop loss when the price action
signals a move is likely underway.
For bank trade ideas, check out eFX Plus

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